significant decrease of negative problem orientation
NPO [negative problem orienation] can be defined as the extent to which people do not believe they can effectively cope with problems and interpreting problems as threats as opposed to challenges and avoiding these rather than approaching them (Ciarrochi et al., 2009; Note: This is a secondary source. For more information, please check the bibliography of Humphrey 2016). NPO significantly decreased from baseline to the end of the programme. Further analysis revealed that participants in the “higher risk” group had significantly decreased NPOQ scores since baseline, suggesting that the programme may have had a positive effect on NPO.
Beschreibung der Aktivität
Teens and Toddlers Programme, targeted youth programme promoting social-learning through experiential learning
The intervention consists of an 18-week course where young people spend one afternoon per week in intensive interaction with toddlers under the supervision of a facilitator. Facilitators are adult males and females who have trained in youth work or counselling and are selected to conduct programmes following a specific training programme.The primary aim of the intervention is to build self-awareness, self-esteem and self-efficacy by encouraging young people to realise their potential and to address challenges rather than seeing them as a threat. There is a high component to social-emotional learning in the curriculum.
mean age 13,9 years
teilnehmende Kinder und Jugendliche
Evaluierung der Aktivität
Participants were selected by their school teacher, using a risk selection tool, and divided into two groups: “lower risk” and “higher risk” on the basis of three criteria (socioeconomic disadvantage, engagement and parental support). Participants were asked to complete the Negative Problem Orientation Questionnaire (NPOQ) before and after the programme.
The NPOQ consists of 12 questions that assess negative problem orientation (NPO).
Questions include: I see problems as a threat to my well-being, I often doubt my ability to solve problems. Often before even trying to find a solution, I tell myself that it is difficult to solve problems. My problems seem overwhelming. When I attempt to solve a problem, I often question my abilities. I often have an impression that my problems can’t be solved. Even if I manage to find some solutions to my problems, I doubt that they will easily be resolved. I have a tendency to see problems as a danger. My first reaction when faced with a problem is to question my abilities. I often see my problems as bigger than they really are. Even if I have looked at a problem from all possible angles, I still wonder if the solution I decided on will be effective. I consider problems to be obstacles that interfere with my functioning.
Responses range from 1 “not at all true of me” and 5 “extremely true for me” and participants are asked to indicate their answers on the Likert scale.