Mittelfristig (1 bis 5 Jahre)
Mikro (Individuum)
Sozial

improved social skills for low-risk intervention children

persönliche Entwicklung / Erwerb von sozialen und personalen Kompetenzen

In the domain of social skills, a significant time 9 condition interaction, F2,100 = 4.94, p = .009, indicated that low-risk intervention children had nearly better social skills at post-test than low-risk comparison children (p\.10), controlling for significant baseline differences (p\.02). There were no differences across time between high-risk intervention and comparison children.

Beschreibung der Aktivität

Project "Nurturing all Families through After School Improvement"
Model for mental health consultation, training and support for after school program staff designed to enhance the mental health promoting benefits of program participation for children living in urban poverty. The project proceeded in two phases both of which emphasized consultation to staff rather than direct service to children.
USA
2 years
children ranged in age from 5 to 14 years old (M = 8.94, SD = 2.19)
teilnehmende Kinder und Jugendliche
PraktikerInnen/ JugendarbeiterInnen

Evaluierung der Aktivität

The study authors assessed children’s mental health needs and examined the feasibility and impact of intervention on program quality and children’s psychosocial outcomes in three after-school sites (n = 15 staff, 89 children), compared to three demographically-matched sites that received no intervention (n = 12 staff, 38 children). Independent samples t tests were used to compare parentreported mental health needs of children in this study (N = 107) with youth ages 4–17 in a nation-wide, epidemiological sample (N = 10,367; Bourdon et al., 2005). Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Staff Satisfaction Survey Promising Practices Rating System (PPRS) Staff–Student Report
The study authors assessed children’s mental health needs and examined the feasibility and impact of intervention on program quality and children’s psychosocial outcomes in three after-school sites (n = 15 staff, 89 children), compared to three demographically-matched sites that received no intervention (n = 12 staff, 38 children). Independent samples t tests were used to compare parent reported mental health needs of children in this study (N = 107) with youth ages 4–17 in a nation-wide, epidemiological sample (N = 10,367; Bourdon et al., 2005; Note: This is a secondary source. For more information, please check the bibliography of Frazier et al 2012). Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Staff Satisfaction Survey Promising Practices Rating System (PPRS) Staff–Student Report
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: The measure includes five clinical scales - hyperactivity/inattention, emotional symptoms, conduct problems, peer relationship problems, and prosocial behavior. Staff Satisfaction Survey: Seven questions (and their response options) included (1) How productive were large group meetings with the intervention team , (2) How many changes resulted from large group meetings, (3) How often did you use each intervention strategy, (4) How useful was each intervention strategy, (5) How likely are you to use each strategy again , (6) How effective do you expect each strategy to be and (7) What kinds of changes did you experience or observe in interactions between children and staff? PPRS: Eight domains, namely supportive relations with adults (e.g., staff communicate high expectations, respond to youth with warmth), supportive relations with peers (e.g., youth interact positively, share, appear relaxed and involved), level of engagement (e.g., youth appear interested, concentrated on activity), opportunities for cognitive growth (e.g., activities promote higher-order thinking, planning, problem-solving), appropriate structure (e.g., activities are organized, smooth transitions), over-control (e.g., students have few opportunities for choice), chaos (e.g., high rates of disruptive behavior), and mastery orientation (e.g., emphasis on skills-building).
The response scale has three anchors (0 = Not true, 1 = Somewhat true, and 2 = Certainly true). Staff-Student Report: 7 items on a 5-point scale and 17 items on a 3-point scale.
Children (N = 89 intervention and N = 38 comparison) and staff (N = 15 intervention and N = 12 comparison)