increased consciousness about democracy as a result of social engagement
The first step found that participation in moral education, social development activities in school, and discussion with the family at least 7 months earlier (in the last survey) generated significantly positive effects on consciousness about democracy. Moreover, the effect of earlier participation in personal development activities in school was positive (0.041), although it was not significant. On the other hand, earlier participation in personal and social development activities in youth centers displayed minimal effects.
Beschreibung der Aktivität
young people’s social engagement in activities in the school, youth center, family as a means to develop civic consciousness
ages were between 12 and 24 at the time of their first participation
teilnehmende Kinder und Jugendliche
Evaluierung der Aktivität
Data for the present study came from 7,649 telephone interviews conducted five times in June 1998, February 1999, December 1999, June 2000 and December 2000. Each time, a quota of around 1,500 young people responded to the survey anew or again. Every follow-up survey made its best effort to interview former respondents again and eventually made up for the quota by sampling new respondents. Altogether, 3,757 young people participated in the panel study and their ages were between 12 and 24 at the time of their first participation. Among them, 1,732 responded to the survey only once, 854 twice, 631 thrice, 397 four times, and 145 five times.
measurement of civic consciousness, including that about societal progress (9 items), democracy (10 items), and leadership (10 items)
The five-point scale yielded scores ranging from 0 to 100 (0 for “very little,” 25 for “quite little,” 50 for “average,” 75 for “quite a lot,” and 100 for “very much”).
3757 young people were interviewed