Wirkungsnachweis aus der Literatur
increase of employment rates for participants
In the follow-up survey, the treatment group was asked if they had a waged employment after the program participation. We find that 43.6% of program participants report having a job after the program participation, with 49 and 39.2% for OJT (internship) participants and YJC (public works) participants, respectively. Unfortunately, the same question cannot be asked for the control group. However, the control group has been asked about having a waged employment in the last 6 months, and we find that only 15.1% report to have been employed. This provides some indication that the rate of waged employment in the treatment group is substantially higher. Interestingly, 40.8% of employed OJT participants and 32.4% of employed YJC participants report staying with the same employer after graduation from the program. Furthermore, employed treatments and controls report similar average working hours per week, of 43.6 and 44 h, respectively. Hence, it appears that the main difference between treatments and controls may be coming from the extensive margin through employment rates, rather than through the intensive margin for those employed.
Beschreibung der Aktivität
Urban Youth Employment Project (UYEP) in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
The UYEP consists of two main components. The first component is the Youth Job Corps (YJC), which targets less educated youth and provides short-term (about 40 days, or 2 months) public works employment, mostly related to maintaining/ cleaning roads. The second component, the Skills Development and Employment Scheme (SDES), targets more educated youth and provides classroom Pre-Employment Training (PET) of 1 month followed by on-the-job training (OJT)/employment (of 5 months) with employers in various sectors. Both groups of youth are required to participate in a 1-week (40 h) Basic Life Skills Training (BLST) at the start of the program, which aims to improve the soft skills of project participants.
Papua New Guinea
first component: about 40 days or 2 months second component: 1 month training followed by 5 months on the job training/employment
The project operates on a continuous basis, with new batches/intakes of youth (of about on average 500 per intake) participating in a project every few months, though the numbers recruited per intake are now increasing. In total, the project aims to reach approximately 10,500 disadvantaged urban youth between the ages of 16 and 35 who have limited social and economic opportunities in its first 5 years of operation
16 to 35 years
teilnehmende Kinder und Jugendliche
Evaluierung der Aktivität
As part of the impact evaluation design of the UYEP, the Eligibility Baseline Survey (EBS) was administered during the fourth and fifth intakes to both the treatment and control groups. The treatment group consisted of youth who were selected for the fourth and fifth intakes of the project, while the control group consisted of eligible youth from neighboring districts who had not participated in the program at the time of the follow-up survey (FUS). This survey was conducted in the summer of 2015, about a year after participants’ completion of the program, to evaluate the changes in the variables of interest over time. The primary purpose of the FUS was to collect information on post-intervention outcomes of treatments and controls to estimate various impacts of the program. The main objective of the impact evaluation of the UYEP was to assess the impacts of the program participation on the participants’ social behavior and criminal activity. To do so, we utilize a difference-in-differences (DD) evaluation strategy to estimate the effect of program participation on a wide variety of indicators (Abadie 2005; Imbens and Wooldridge 2009).
Eligibility Screening Survey (ESS): the ESS asks respondents about personal details, contact information, employment history and income, schooling and training experience, and a few objective numeracy and literacy questions. The screening survey also includes a small number of questions on educational background and self-reported literacy and numeracy skills, which can later be linked to objective measures in the baseline survey. Evaluation Baseline Survey (EBS): It gathers a wide range of pre-intervention variables, including applicants’ demographic characteristics, household characteristics, assets, employment history, incomes, education, habits, and behaviors. Follow-up survey (FUS): Questions on key outcomes in the FUS are identical to those in the baseline survey (FBS). However, the FUS also contains additional questions on graduates’ perceptions of their skills, job search strategies, social behavior, social networks, and psychological well-being.
Eligible (all): 2 213 Treatments (all): 743 Treatments (FUS): 338 Controls (all): 569 Controls (FUS): 250
This survey was conducted in the summer of 2015, about a year after participants’ completion of the program, to evaluate the changes in the variables of interest over time.