Wirkungsnachweis aus der Literatur

Langfristig (> 5 Jahre)
Mikro (Individuum)
Psychisch & Physiologisch

improved social-emotional well-being when experiencing a high-quality mentoring relationship

psychosoziales Befinden

Report of a high-quality mentoring relationship (referred to also in the text that follows as “HQMR”) was a significant predictor of higher levels of self-reported grit (b = .187, p < .05, d = .29). There also was a marginally significant interaction with gender in prediction of this outcome (p < .06), with HQMR a significant predictor of greater grit among females, (b = .363, p < .01, d = .62). HQMR did not reach or approach statistical significance as a predictor of perceived stress (b = -.194, p = .11, d = .23) or depressive symptoms (b = -.198, p = .20, d = .18), HQMR was, however, a significant predictor of greater reported emotional well-being (b = .411, p < .01, d = .47), psychological well-being (b = .521, p< .01, d = .47), and social well-being (b = .421, p < .01, d = .48).

Beschreibung der Aktivität

Big Brothers Big Sisters of America community-based mentoring program
Big Brothers Big Sisters of America community-based mentoring program. […] A major part of the appeal of mentoring programs directed toward youth from under-resourced backgrounds for practitioners and policy-makers is their widely assumed potential to have enduring beneficial effects on participants’ longer-term developmental trajectories. These anticipated benefits include improved prospects for post-secondary education, employment, reduced likelihood of involvement in problem behavior and the justice system, and enhanced social-emotional functioning and health during adulthood.
teilnehmende Kinder und Jugendliche

Evaluierung der Aktivität

The core sample of interest for the research consists of the 1,138 participants in the randomized controlled trial of the BBBS CBM program conducted by Public/Private Ventures in the early 1990s (Tierney et al., 1995). The complete dataset from the original study was made available to the researchers. The researchers then collected data on post-secondary education participation for all sample members from the National Student Clearinghouse and, for the more than 90% of the sample that could be located through public records searched via Lexis Nexis Accurint, records of arrests during adulthood. An effort was also made to contact as many of the original study participants as possible and engage them in completing a survey, the primary purposes of which were to gather information about adult outcomes (employment, problem behavior/justice system involvement, and various aspects of social-emotional well-being and health broadly defined), juvenile justice system involvement (e.g., arrests), and mentoring relationships (if any) through the BBBS program. Thus far, 296 participants from the original study sample have responded to the survey.
randomized controlled trial of the BBBS program: 1.138 participants own survey: 296 participants
randomized controlled trial of the BBBS program: 1990s own survey: for the purpose of the 2018-study