Mittelfristig (1 bis 5 Jahre)
Mikro (Individuum)

more proactive attitude of participants towards participation and citizenship

gesellschaftliche Partizipation

In the quantitative study, an index ‘Responsibility for the world’ combined items referring to attitudes with respect to participation and citizenship. In general, the measured median levels of the ‘responsibility for the world’ index are again rather high in the participant sample, around 7.031 in all four survey waves with constant levels across gender, age, education and other background variables. The control group exhibits the same characteristic. [...] Two to three years after the project, and in accordance with the results of the second interview, small effects of the E+/YiA projects on the understanding and appreciation of participation and active citizenship become apparent. A few interviewees report in the third interview, that as a result of the project, they started to think more about what it means to be an active citizen. The effects of the project on several interviewees on their appreciation of participation and citizenship described in the second interview are confirmed by several of them in the third interview. They are encouraged to have a more proactive attitude towards society and the community.

Beschreibung der Aktivität

RAY: Research-based analysis and monitoring of the YiA (Youth in Action) Programme
‘Erasmus+ Youth in Action’ (E+/YiA) is part of the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union supporting international projects in the youth field. The ‘Research-based Analysis of Erasmus+ Youth in Action’ (RAY) is a research programme conducted by the RAY Network, which includes the National Agencies of Erasmus+ Youth in Action and their research partners in currently 33 countries*. This RAY study on Long-term Effects of Erasmus+ Youth in Action on Participation and Citizenship (RAY LTE) presents a final transnational analysis of the results from surveys and interviews between 2015 and 2018 with project participants and project leaders/team members involved in E+/YiA projects.
teilnehmende Kinder und Jugendliche
freiwillig engagierte Jugendliche

Evaluierung der Aktivität

The research questions are addressed through a mixed-method approach using quantitative and qualitative social research methods. Standardised multilingual online surveys were conducted with project participants and project leaders/team members19 as well as with a control group20 at four stages: before the core activity/the intensive phase of the project21, two to three months after the end of the activity, one year after the end of the activity and again two to three years after the end of the activity. At each of the four stages (‘survey waves’ or ‘measurements’), the participants and project leaders were asked the same questions, including the same answer items in order to assess their participation/citizenship competences and practices in each survey wave and, thus, the change between the surveys. In addition, questions related to their profile and previous activities outside the project context were also addressed. In parallel, complementary qualitative interviews were conducted at three different stages: before the core activity/the intensive phase of the project, one year after its end and again two to three years after its end. In addition, a conference was held in Strasbourg in May 2018, that brought together project participants, who had been interviewed as part of this study, project leaders/team members of projects explored through this study as well as researchers and representatives of E+/YiA National Agencies involved in this study. In total around 90 persons attended the conference, in which interim findings of the study were presented and discussed.
Attitudes: 1. Interest in the world index 2. Responsibility for the world index 3. Fairness towrds the world index 4. Fairness towards the state index
1. Interest in social issues; Interest in political issues; Interest in economic issues; Interest in European issues. 2. Responsibility for the development of local community; Readiness to take action in order to preserve democracy; Responsibility for sustainable development of Europe. 3. Readiness for intervention against discriminating/aggressive behaviour; Respect towards people from different backgrounds. 4. Unlawful claiming of state benefits; Not declaring taxable income.
0 (lowest score) to 10 (highest score)
Participants: 1.231 respondents (1st survey), 711 (2nd survey), 381 (3rd survey), 217 (4th survey) Control group: 136 respondents (1st survey), 66 (2nd survey), 38 (3rd survey), 29 (4th survey) Project leaders: 60 respondents (1st survey), 176 (2nd survey), 111 (3rd survey), 73 (4th survey) Participants interviewed 3 times: 82 (145 interviewed once and 112 interviewed twice)