increased community connectedness
Supportive adult relationships and safety formed a significant pathway for the two components of community connectedness. After 6 months of program attendance, the more nurturing and relational components of supportive adults and feelings of safety became most strongly associated with community connectedness.
Beschreibung der Aktivität
after school programs in Malaysia
To conduct the study, we specified a path model that situates youth-adult partnership (youth voice, supportive adult relationships) as a program experience, or predictor, that will have direct effects on youth empowerment (leadership competence, policy control) and community connectedness (community connection, school attachment).
Gemeinschaft/ Gemeinden/ Kommunen
Evaluierung der Aktivität
survey, 2 time points
Time point 1 & 2: youth voice in decision making, supportive adult relationships, leadership competence, policy control, school attachment, community connections; Time point 2: program engagement, program safety.
school attachment [5-item scale, statements (e.g. ‘‘I feel I am a part of my school’’, ‘‘I feel safe at my school’’)]; community connection [peer connections was measured using three items (e.g. ‘‘My friends are there when I need them’’, ‘‘My friends care about me’’), adult connections was measured using four items (e.g. ‘‘There are adults I can ask for help when I need it’’, ‘‘Outside of my home and school there is an adult who believes I will be a success’’)]
Rated using a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from "Strongly Disagree" to "Strongly Agree".
a total of 357 students participated in the initial survey and 207 students responded to the second survey